What are the characteristics of Benin art
Characteristics of Benin Art
- Beaded Neck.
- Mark on forehead.
- Semi naturalistic.
- It is the only art culture that has ivory.
- Mostly royal figures.
- Highly decorative.
What is Ife art culture
Ife (Yoruba: Ifè, also Ilé-Ifẹ̀) is an ancient Yoruba city in south-western Nigeria. Ilé-Ifè is famous worldwide for its ancient and naturalistic bronze, stone and terracotta sculptures, dating back to between 1200 and 1400 A.D.
What is the importance of the IFE head
It established significant political and religious authority in the lower Niger region, in what is now modern Nigeria. Its rulers promoted crafts, particularly copper-alloy casting, weaving, and bead-making. Its legacy includes outstanding naturalistic works of art in stone, terracotta and metal.
Who discovered Benin art
Benin art became well-known to the West in 1897, after the British Punitive Expedition sacked the city of Benin and brought thousands of objects back to Europe as war booty. The origins of the kingdom probably go back more than 500 years.
Where is Benin art located
Benin art is the art from the Kingdom of Benin or Edo Empire (1440–1897), a pre-colonial African state located in what is now known as the South-South region of Nigeria.
What does IFE mean
International Fisher Effect
What does IFE mean in Nigeria
noun. a town in SW Nigeria. a male or female given name: from a Yoruba word meaning “love.”
What is the oldest art in Nigeria
When was Ife discovered
In 1910 the German anthropologist Leo Frobenius visited the Nigerian city of Ife and brought several ancient terracotta heads back to Germany. He claimed a Greek colony in Africa produced the incredibly naturalistic sculpture he discovered (Willett 1967: 14).
Where were most of the Ife heads found
These bronze heads are evidence of additional trade since Ife-made glass beads have been found widely in West Africa. The copper is thought to be from local Nigerian ores, although earlier scholars believed it to have come from Central Europe, North West Mauritania, the Byzantine Empire, or Southern Morocco.
What does the name Ife mean
The name Ife is a girl’s name of African, Yoruba origin meaning “love”.
Who discovered the Ife art
The first Ife work to be known to the outside world comprised the glass beads seen by John and Richard Lander in 1832 at Old Oyo (Katunga). In 1896, the reigning Oni (king) of Ife, Adelekan, gave the then Governor of Lagos, Sir Gilbert Carter, three carved quartz stools which are sometimes referred to as “Ife marbles”.
What is the religion of Benin
According to the 2013 estimate by the government of Benin, the population of Benin is 27.7% Muslim, 25.5% Roman Catholic, 13.5% Protestant (which includes Celestial 6.7%, Methodist 3.4%, and other Protestant 3.4%), 11.6% Vodun, 9.5% of other Christian denominations, and 12.2% of others or none.
Why is Benin art called court
Benin art has rightly been referred to as “court art”, because the Oba (king) had a monopoly of the works. He maintained specialist guilds of bronze-smiths, wood and ivory carvers, and beadwork’s.
What forms of art are the Igbo people known for
The Igbo produce a wide variety of art including traditional figures, masks, artifacts and textiles, plus works in metals such as bronze. Artworks from the Igbo have been found from as early as 9th century with the bronze artifacts found at Igbo Ukwu.
What can we learn from the art of Benin
The art of Benin features people, animals and gods. It provides a fascinating guide to what life and religion were like in the kingdom of Benin. Some animals, such as crocodiles and leopards, appear many times in the art of Benin. They are used as symbols to demonstrate the power of their king, the Oba.
How is Benin
Benin is a West African country officially known as the Republic of Benin. Benin borders Nigeria to the east, Burkina Faso and Niger to the north, and Togo to the west. The country has a small coastal area on the Bight of Benin, where most of the population resides.